The Professional Administrative Services Credential is the second level of the two-tiered credential requirements enacted into law in 1982. This credential may be taken in conjunction with the Ed.D. program in Organizational Leadership, or it may be pursued as a separate program. The courses in the credential program relate directly to the five thematic principles established by the Credentialing Commission: organizational and cultural environment; dynamics of strategic issues management; ethical and reflective leadership; evaluation, analysis, and development of public policy; and management of information systems and human and fiscal resources. The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing has approved this program for granting the administrative credential.