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Dr. Glenn Gamst

Professor of Psychology, Chair of the Department of Psychology; received his Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from the University of Arkansas. His current research focus is on the effects of multicultural variables like client-therapist ethnic match, client acculturation and ethnic identity, and provider cultural competence, on clinical outcomes for community mental health clients. Additional areas of specialization and research include memory and cognition, conversational memory, and univariate and multivariate statistical and methodological issues. Dr. Gamst is designated as core doctoral faculty.


My current research interests focus on how cultural factors impact mental health service delivery to diverse consumer populations.

Toward this end, I have been examining, with students and colleagues, the role of client-practitioner ethnic/racial match, client acculturation status, client ethnic/racial identity, and practitioner cultural competence on mental health consumers’ clinical outcomes.

Colleagues and I have developed a new self-report scale that measures therapist cultural competence. This scale is called the California Brief Multicultural Competence Scale (CBMCS). The CBMCS is currently being used across the United States. Additionally, we have developed a 32-hour multicultural training program that flows directly from the CBMCS. This training program has been sponsored by the California Department of Mental Health, and is currently being used in various California county community mental health settings and states across the U.S.

Recently, we have developed new scales that measure African American and Latina American womens’ shifting or self-altering behaviors. These scales are known as the African American Women’s Shifting Scale (AAWSS), and the Latina American Shifting Scale (LASS), respectively. Research that examines correlates of these instruments is currently underway.

Additionally, colleagues and I have developed a scale, the American Dream Scale (ADS) that measures the small business orientation, or petty bourgeois mentality of college students and other adults.  Additional research is planned to examine this new construct.

Colleagues, students, and I are currently developing a new self-report scale to measure Asian American women’s shifting phenomena.

In my “spare time”, when I am not teaching undergraduate or graduate courses, doing administrative chores, or engaging in my multicultural research program, I pursue other intellectual interests. For example, I recently co-authored several graduate-level statistics textbooks Analysis of Variance Design (Gamst, Meyers, & Guarino, 2008); Applied Multivariate Research, 3rd ed. (Meyers, Gamst, & Guarino, 2017); Data Analysis using SAS Enterprise Guide (Meyers, Gamst, & Guarino, 2009); Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS (Meyers, Gamst, & Guarino, 2013), all of which are used in our doctoral statistics sequence.

I also enjoy spending time with my family, reading, rooting for the Los Angeles Rams, and working on my 1956 Chevy Nomad.

Dr. Gamst’s scholarly work can be found at Google Scholar.

Educational Background

  • Ph.D., University of Arkansas


Representative Publications


  • Meyers, L.S., Gamst, G., & Guarino, A.J. (2017). Applied multivariate research: Design and Interpretation (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
  • Meyers, L.S., Gamst, G., & Guarino, A.J. (2013). Performing data analysis using IBM SPSS. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  • Gamst, G., Liang, C.T.H., & Der-Karabetian, A. (2011). Handbook of multicultural measures. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
  • Meyers, L.S., Gamst, G., & Guarino, A.J. (2009). Data analysis using SAS Enterprise Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Gamst, G., Meyers, L. S., & Guarino, A.J. (2008). Analysis of variance designs: A conceptual and computational approach with SPSS and SAS. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  • Dana, R.H., Gamst, G., & Der-Karabetian, A. (2008). CBMCS multicultural training program. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
  • Gamst, G., Der-Karabetian, A., & Dana, R.H. (2008). Readings in multicultural practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
  • Gamst, G., Der-Karabetian, A., & Dana, R.H. (2008). CBMCS multicultural reader. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
  • Der-Karabetian, A., Dana, R.H., Gamst, G. (2008). CBMCS multicultural training program: Participant workbook. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
  • Meyers, L.S., Gamst, G., & Guarino, A. (2006). Applied multivariate research: Design and interpretation. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Book Chapters

  • Gamst, G., Meyers, L.S., Burke, H., & Guarino, A.J. (2015). Scale development and validation. In G. S. Guest & E. E. Namey (Eds.), Public health research methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
  • Gamst, G. & Liang, C.T.H. (2013). A review and critique of multicultural competence measures: Toward a social justice oriented health services delivery model. In F.A. Paniagua & A-M. Yamada (Eds.), Handbook of multicultural mental health (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Elsevier.
  • Gamst, G., Rogers, R., Der-Karabetian, A., Dana, R.H. (2006). Addressing mental health disparities: A preliminary test of the Multicultural Assessment Intervention Process (MAIP) model. In E. V. Metrosa (Ed.), Racial and ethnic disparities in health and healthcare. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

  • Garcia, S. Gamst, G., Meyers, L. S., Arellano-Morales, L., & Kernes, J. (2022). The influence of enculturation and shifting in predicting marianismo beliefs among Latinx. Counselling Psychology Quarterly.
  • Gamst, G., Ma-Kellams, C., Meyers, L. S., Arellano-Morales, L., Vargas, V., McCafferty, K., Aldape, R., Olvera, V., Rosero, H., He, K., Cassidy, L., Bench, R., Awad, N., & Verbarendse, K. (2022). Shifting mediates the relationship between ethnic identity, acculturation status, and racism-related stress among Asian American women. Asian American Journal of Psychology.
  • Ter-Petrosyan, M., Gamst, G., Der-Karabetian, A., Meyers, L. S., & Baker, A. (2022). Quality of life mediates perceptions of discrimination in predicting general distress Among Armenian Americans. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 44(3), 228-244.
  • Gamst, G., Ma Kellams, C., Arellano-Morales, L., Meyers, L. S., Balla, J., McCafferty, K., Verbarendse, K., Serpas, D., Rojas, A., Huffman, N., & Menendez, C. (2020). Development and validation of the Asian American Women’s Shifting Scale (AsAWSS). Asian American Journal of Psychology.
  • Gamst, G., Arellano-Morales, L., Meyers, L. S., Serpas, D. G., Balla, J., Diaz, A., Dobson, K., Feller, C., Rought, S., Salazar, B., Garcia, S., & Aldape, R. (2020). Shifting can be stressful for African American Women: A structural mediation model. Journal of Black Psychology 1-24.
  • Young, G. N., Gamst, G., Meyers, L. S., Der-Karabetian, A., & Grills, C. T. (2020). Does African American women’s racial identity mediate Gendered racism on anticipated relationship threat? Journal of Interpersonal Violence,
  • Vakil, S. K., Gamst, G., Meyers, L. S., Der-Karabetian, A., & Bhatia, G. (2019). Predictors of quality of life for Pakistani Americans. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 13(1).
  • Pinheiro Rocha, T., Gamst, G., Meyers, L., Der-Karabetian, A., & Magina, F. (2018). Predictors of quality of life of Portuguese Americans: identity, acculturation, and religiosity. Mental Health, Religion & Culture.
  • Gamst, G., Arellano-Morales, L., Meyers, L. S., Tolstoy, B., Garcia, S., Sjobeck, G., Blair, R., Casas, M. (2018). Development and validation of the Latina American Shifting Scale (LASS). Gender Issues.
  • Gamst, G., Kwon, R., & Meyers, L. S. (2018). Development and validation of the American Dream Scale: Assessing the petty bourgeois mentality. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 6(2), 449-483.
  • Balesh, C., Gamst, G., Meyers, L. S., Der-Karabetian, A., & Elias, C. (2018). A  Structural model predicting Arab Americans’ attitudes towards mental health services from ethnic identity, acculturation, and spirituality. Journal of Mental Disorders and Treatment, 4(2), 1-9.
  • Johnson, J. C., Gamst, G., Meyers, L. S., Arellano-Morales, L., & Shorter-Gooden, K. (2016). Development and validation of the African American Women’s Shifting Scale (AAWSS). Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 22 (1), 11-25.
  • Lieberman, D. A., & Gamst, G. (2015). Intercultural communication competence revisited: Linking the intercultural and multicultural fields. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 48, 17-19.
  • Keyser, V., Gamst, G., Meyers, L., Der-Karabetian, A., & Morrow, G. (2014). Predictors of self-perceived cultural competence among children’s mental health providers. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 20, 324-335.
  • Gamst, G. & Meyers, L.S. (2014). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Acculturation Rating Scale-II Scale 2: The case for measurement of marginality. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 36 (4), 435-451.
  • Gamst, G., Dana, R.H., Meyers, L.S., Der-Karabetian, A., & Guarino, A.J. (2009). An analysis of the multicultural assessment intervention process model. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 2(1), 51-64.
  • Gamst, G., Herdina, A., Mondragon, E., Munguia, F., Pleitez, A., Stephens, H., & Vo, D. (2006). Relationship among ethnic identity, acculturation, and homeless status on a homeless population’s functional status. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 1485-1501.
  • Gamst, G., Dana, R.H., Der-Karabetian, A., Aragon, M., Arellano, L., Morrow, G., & Martenson, L. (2004). Cultural competency revised: The California Brief Multicultural Competence Scale.Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 37, 163-183.
  • Gamst, G., Dana, R., Der-Karabetian, A., & Kramer, T. (2004). Ethnic match and treatment outcomes for child and adolescent mental health center clients. Journal of Counseling Development, 82, 457-465.
  • Gamst, G., Aguilar-Kitibutr, A., Herdina, A., Hibbs, S., Krishtal, E., Lee, R., Robert, R., Ryan, E., Stephens, H., & Martenson, L. (2003). Effects of racial match on Asian American mental health consumer satisfaction. Mental Health Services Research, 5, 197-208.

To explore the scholarship and creative works of University of La Verne faculty, please visit the Research Works profiles hosted by Wilson Library.